Concerning accident risks, seven safety criteria have been evaluated based on the requirements of the Swedish Environmental Code. Comparisons are drawn between road, rail and high-speed rail. It shows a low safety level for road travel, low to high for rail travel, and a high level of safety for high-speed rail.
Category A and B safety licenses and equipment that meets TSD rolling stock requirements, will allow operators from Switzerland and any country in the EU and EEA that has issued a safety certificate access to Swedish, Norwegian and Skagerrakbanan’s railway networks.
Skagerrakbanan will have a permit for railway maintenance and operation approved under the European Union Agency for Railways and its national agencies. All permits are renewable after five years.
Because the railway project naturally strives to achieve the highest safety and the lowest LCC, the combination of viaducts and ballast-free (fixed) track is the best and cheapest solution. The viaduct alternative has an extremely high level of safety. It is easier to build a ballast-free track on a viaduct than to lay ballasted track on a railway bridge. This is because of the sensitive transition zone between the railway bridge and the embankment as the position of the track changes due to the dissimilar elasticity of the bridge and embankment. No high-speed train derailments have occurred on non-ballasted track, making them safer.